Drill bit grinders are available in various versions. To ensure proper drill bit grinding, you need the right machine that matches perfectly with your drill bit type. And this isn't just a simple sharpener. Although people commonly use these terms interchangeably, drill bit grinding is not the same as drill bit sharpening. Here you will learn how to properly grind your drill bit, which technology is available for this and what you need to keep in mind during this process.
Take a look at the short DAREX V-391 video here and learn how fast you can make the correct settings and how the grinding process works (representative for all DAREX and Drill Doctor models). The straightforward operation of the drill bit grinder shows you the steps to get a completely ground and sharp drill bit. Clamp the drill bit, grind the spiral drill bit, and sharpen the drill bit. All done!
There are various types of drill bits, which usually differ in terms of their application. The HSS drill bit with a stepped shank or Morse taper adapter is suitable for use with metal, just like the solid carbide drill bit with these properties. Drill bits with a centering point are a good choice for wood and thin sheets. Drill bits with a soldered carbide tip are used for particularly hard materials such as stone and concrete. These use a SDS adapter for hammer drills.
Solid carbide is used for drill bits so that they can withstand harder materials. The "high-speed steel" HSS drill bits are even more effective. Both versions can be uncoated or coated.
The material for the grinding wheel used depends on what the drill bit is made of. CBN grinding wheels are used for HSS drill bits and diamond grinding wheels are used for solid carbide drill bits.
There are various grinding machines and methods available for drill bit grinding. However, don't confuse these tools with a simple, inexpensive drill bit sharpening tool. There is a difference in how drill bits are used in the trades and industry. In the trades, simple through bore-holes are often what's required and the drill bit can be machined with a drill bit sharpener. You can see the Drill Doctor in action here:
For industrial applications, the processes have other requirements, i.e. dimensional accuracy and repeat prevision. This is taken care of with a proper grinding machine. Here we show the large machines that are important for manufacturing and tool cribs, e.g. the DAREX XT-3000:
- A drill bit grinder grinds the bit via a changeable collet chuck system.
- Another alternative machine for drill bit grinding uses a variable chuck.
- When you grind a spiral drill bit, a fixture is mounted in front of the grinding wheel.
- Those who forgo a machine entirely for drill bit grinding, keeping it traditional, can use a bench grinder with a practiced hand.
The type of grind needs to be determined first. There is the standard grind, the so-called conical grind and the multi-area grind, all with different cutting edge variants.
Then you have to consider the drill bit point angle. A 118° angle is standard and is used for most applications. Anything above or below the 118° point angle is used for special applications. Regardless of whether it's plastic or special steels, almost all materials to be drilled can be processed with a suitable point angle and flute angle.
The Darex DAREX XT-3000 drill bit grinder can also be used to sharpen and grind special tools via options. Countersinks with an unequal distribution, which ensures smooth operation, are very popular. We can also help with this, take a look here: